1. Condoms prevent pregnancy
People use condoms to prevent pregnancy.
This means not getting pregnant or having a baby.
Pregnancy happens when an egg and sperm join.
Condoms stop the egg and sperm from joining.
The sperm get caught in the condom and cannot get to the egg.
This means a baby will not be made.
Condoms also keep us healthy by preventing sexual infections.
Move down the page to find out more about this.
2. Condoms prevent sexual infections
People use condoms so they do not get, or pass on, sexual infections or viruses.
Other names for these are sexually transmitted infections, STIs, blood borne viruses or BBVs.
Sexual infections and viruses spread from one person to another when:
- private body parts touch during sex
- body fluids mix during sex
Learn more about how infections and viruses are spread. (add link)
Body fluids are things like:
- Saliva (spit)
- Urine (pee)
- Semen (from the penis)
Condoms stop some of our private body parts from touching during sex.
This helps stop sexual infections spreading.
Condoms stop fluids from our bodies mixing during sex.
This stops sexual infections spreading.
Using condoms is a good thing to do to look after you and your partner’s sexual health.